3 Running Mistakes to Avoid (and 1 New Workout to Try!)

I want to take a minute and talk to all the hardcore Houston runners out there. I see so many of you in my office after you have trained too hard for a race and suffered a running-related injury. While I’m always happy to treat you and get you back out there, I’d rather give you some helpful suggestions that could keep you from getting injured in the first place.

So please, listen to me when I offer these guidelines for safer marathon training:

Don’t Repeat Failed Workouts 
 

When you’re in training, you will likely be on a strict schedule, with designated long-and-short run days. So what happens if you can’t complete a run on its scheduled day?

In theory, it is fine to make up for a missed run, but you should never end up running two days in a row; you certainly shouldn’t re-try a run the day after you failed to complete it. Why? If you ran more than half the workout the day before, trying to do the same routine again will fatigue you and quite possibly put you at risk of an over-training related injury like a stress fracture. Allowing yourself adequate recovery time is one of my golden rules for staying injury-free.

Avoid Running too Many Miles During the Week


Let’s say you’ve selected Sunday as your long-run day; let’s also suppose that you were still recovering from Saturday night festivities and didn’t get out of bed the next day to train. Don’t think you can move your long-run to Monday and then complete the rest of the week’s workouts as planned—doing so is like asking for an injury. Just as repeating failed workouts can lead to overtraining, so too, cramming workouts together will put undue strain on your body. You may be upset about missing one run, but think of how many workouts you’ll miss if you sustain a serious injury from training dangerously.

Never Run Too Fast


During race training, not only will you have to complete scheduled distance runs, you will have to do so at a pre-determined pace. Many runners think that it’s a good idea to run faster than those target paces—after all, if you want to win the race, speed is a positive. Right?

Wrong! Running faster than your pre-determined pace puts more pressure on supportive structures like your muscles, tendons, ligaments and bones, causing you pain and making you more vulnerable to injury. A training schedule allows you to build aerobic endurance while also improving strength in the body structures that support your runs. Give yourself time to break that eight-minute mile pace; your body will thank you by staying injury free.

 

Incorporate Other Workouts into Your Training

Since most of us are pressed for time, and distance-running requires long hours, many runners skip strength training in favor of getting in more miles each week. This is a dangerous mistake. If you take the time to strengthen and build the muscles that support running, your body will be better prepared to absorb the impact of the sport, once again helping you to avoid injury.

Want to try this cross training idea? Check out these three crucial core exercises for runners, courtesy of Runner’s World. It's important for runners to strengthen their cores with moves like planks to prevent training-related injuries.

Planks

Prop yourself up on your elbows with feet slightly apart. Align your body, keep abs tight, and place shoulders directly above the elbows while keeping them down and back, not hunched. Hold this position for 45 seconds to one minute. Repeat 3-5 times. 

Lower Body Russian Twist 
Lie on your back with your knees bent at 90-degrees. Without changing the bend in your hips or knees, lower your legs to the left side of your body, lift them back to the starting position, and repeat on your right for one repetition. Keep your shoulders on the ground the whole time. Try for 10-12 reps. 

The Scorpion 
Get into pushup position but put your feet on a bench. Raise your right knee toward your left shoulder while rotating hips up and to the left as far as you can. Then reverse directions, rotating your hips up and to the right, and bring your right foot toward the back of your left shoulder . That's one repetition. Do as many as you can on the right side in 30 seconds, then switch to your left leg.

Safer training should mean less running injuries, but sometimes you still get hurt when you run. If that's the case, stop into my office, and I'll get you back into training mode as soon as is safely possible. 

Dr. Andrew Schneider
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Dr. Andrew Schneider is a podiatrist and foot surgeon at Tanglewood Foot Specialists in Houston, TX.
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